It is common to see urban areas slowly turning into huge parking lots, devoid of efficient parking control systems. With a parking control system in place, parking lot operators can effectively manage their spaces. Let’s take a look at the types and components of parking control systems.

Parking Control Systems

Access and revenue control system

An access control system controls the access in and out of a parking lot through the use of an electronic controller. Here is how it works. Instead of driving around in the parking facility in the search of a vacant spot, drivers can simply check space availability on an LED display.

Revenue control manages payments made by parkers, depending on whether they park their vehicle on a short or long-term basis in the facility. Parkers who park their vehicle for a day or less are known as transient parkers, while those who park for longer periods are known as non-Transient parkers. Typically, revenue control refers to the servers, terminals, and kiosks used for payment and gate control in a garage.

Parking Access and Revenue Control (PARC) allows parking operators to control access and collect parking revenues easily, speeding entry and exit from a facility and securing revenues through audit records.

Control system equipment

Central to the function of a PARC system are some control equipment:

  • Barriers: Hardware for controlling access to a facility
  • Alarms: System generated messages that indicate potential problems with equipment
  • Entry Lane Station: An in-lane cashier station or booth in the entry lane that is used for collecting payment, dispensing ticket or detecting permission to enter
  • Automated Pay Station: Allows for automated ticket processing in central cashiering facilities
  • Car Park Management Systems: Parking technologies beyond revenue and access control – off-street parking facilities, parking guidance systems, meter revenue systems
  • Lane Controller: Electronics in the hardware that choreograph activity in a lane, sending and receiving data from a central database
  • Counting System: Used for tracking the number of parkers using sensors
  • Loops: Sensors that are placed in the ground of a lane to detect a vehicle passing and track occupancy
  • Monitoring System: This system allows the user to view system-generated activity, alarms and occupancy within a facility
  • Ticket Validator: Electronically encodes validations onto tickets
  • Magnetic Stripe Reader (MSR): Hardware that reads magnetic stripes and converts information to data for use by a computer
  • Encoding Station: A computer with encoding software connected to a ticket validator, used for updating a parking ticket with new information
  • Exit Verifier: Hardware for verification of payment and raising the gate
  • Facility Management System: Software that provides real-time reporting, monitoring and controlling of PARCS

Parking Guidance System

This system is typically internal to a facility and provides guidance with respect to open parking spaces. It detects space occupancy through sensors and shares information with GPS-enabled vehicles and smartphone apps. It can also guide traffic searching for parking spaces, improving traffic flow.

Automatic Vehicle Identification (AVI)

This system enables automatic identification of a vehicle when it enters a parking facility, allowing permission to enter and exit. AVI access includes the following methods:

  • Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID): An automatic identification method that stores and remotely retrieves data using RFID tags
  • License Plate Recognition (LPR): A vehicle identification technology, LPR takes pictures of license plates, reads images with character recognition software, and converts them into text for a computer to read
  • License Plate Inventory (LPI): This is a process that uses LPR or the manual collection of license plate information to keep track of vehicle license plates
  • Proximity Cards: This is a smart card that can be read without being inserted into a reader device

While their implementation is still to arrive in India, these parking control systems are key to ushering in an era of truly smart and efficient parking.

Handling Digital Strategy @GetMyParking

He comes from a creative marketing and rich media space. While his expertise lies primarily in Digital Advertisement & Content Strategy, he has in-depth knowledge of Digital Analytics & Social Media Listening tools. Loves to talk about People, Politics, Books, Cooking, Mountains, Technology, Sports.